Mario Bandiera PhD project aims to investigate the manufacture of Roman opaque red glass during the 2nd century AD. A set of 40 samples has been studied by means of a multi-analytical approach, which involved international collaboration (Musée du Louvre, IRAMAT Orleans, LAMA Venice). The chemical composition, the crystalline phases were explored in depth to identify the colouring agents, the probable raw material, and to detect some clue to locate the production centres. Furthermore, systematic laboratory reproduction helped the understanding of the technical aspects such as melting condition, preparation and selection of raw materials and how they could be added to obtain opaque red glass.

Representative works:

M. Bandiera, M. Verità, P. Lehuédé, J. Pinot, M. Vilarigues (2020). The Technology of Copper-Based Red Glass Sectilia from the 2nd Century AD Lucius Verus Villa in Rome. Special issue of Minerals and Crystals in Glass, Minerals, 10, 875.

M. Bandiera, M. Verità, P. Lehuédé, I. Biron, M. Vilarigues (2019). Nano-technology in Roman opaque red glass from the 2nd century AD. Archaeometric investigation in red sectilia from decoration of the Lucius Verus Villa in Rome. Special issue Cultural heritage-Science-materials and Technologies, Heritage, 2(3), 2597-2611.

M. Bandiera, M. Verità, S. Zecchin, M. Vilarigues, Il vetro rosso bruno opaco a Venezia attraverso le analisi di tessere musive, in atti della XX Giornate Nazionali di Studio sul Vetro Ravenna, 18-19 May 2019, Italian Committee AIHV, Forthcoming.

M. Bandiera, M. Verità, S. Zecchin, M. Vilarigues, Riproduzioni in laboratorio del vetro rosso opaco, in atti della XX Giornate Nazionali di Studio sul Vetro Ravenna, 18-19 May 2019, Italian Committee AIHV, Forthcoming.

M. Bandiera, M. Verità, S. Zecchin, M. Vilarigues, Some secrets of the red brown opaque glass revealed by the study of Renaissance Venetian glass and glassmaking treatises. Glass Technology – European Journal of Glass Science and Technology, Forthcoming.